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GLOSSARY

Application Programming Interface (API) – A set of routines, protocols, and to0ls for building software applications. APIs specify how software components should interact, such as what data to use and what actions should be taken.

Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) – A device designed for the sole purpose of mining cryptocurrencies.

Address – A place where cryptocurrency can be sent to and from, in the form of a string of letters and numbers.

Airdrop – A marketing campaign that distributes a specific cryptocurrency or token to an audience.

Algorithm – A process or set of rules to be followed in problem-solving or calculation operations, usually by a computer, although humans tend to fllow steps algorithmically as well.

All-Time-High (ATH) – The highest point (in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.

All-Time-Low (ATL) – The lowest point (in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.

Altcoin – As Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency that captured the world’s imagination, all other coins were subsequently termed “altcoins”, as in “alternative coins”.

Anti-Money Laundering (AML) – A set of international laws enacted to curtail criminal organizations or individuals laundering money thorugh cryptocurrencies into real-world cash.

Arbitrage – Arbitrage is the practice of quickly buying and selling the ame asset in different markets to take advantage of price differences between the markets.

Ask Price – The minimum price that a seller is willing to accept for an asset. The ask price is also sometimes referred to as the offer price.

Atomic Swap – The transfer of cryptocurrency from one party to another, without the use of an exchange or other intermediary.

Automated Market Maker (AMM) – A system that provides liquidity to the exchange it operates in through automated trading.

BEP-2 (Binance Chain Tokenization Standard) – A technical standard for tokens on Binance Chain

BEP-20 – BEP-20 is a Binance Smart Chain token standard created with the intention of extending ERC-20

Bag – Crypto slang for a large quantity of a specific cryptocurrency.

Bagholder – An investor who continues to hold large amounts of a specific coin or token, regardless of its performance.

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) – The BIS is an international financial institution that promotes global monetary stability.

Beacon Chain – A blockchain that coordinates shard chains, manages staking and the registry of validators in a PoS cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum 2.0

Bear – Someone who believes that prices in a given market will decline over an extended period.

Bear Trap – The attempted manipulation of a specific cryptocurrency’s price, based on the coordinated activity of a group of traders.

Bitcoin ATM (BTM) – An automated teller machine that allows the user to buy and sell Bitcoin.

Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP) – The standard format for documents proposing changes to Bitcoin.

Bits – A commonly used unit, or subdivision, of a single Bitcoin.

Block – A file containing information on transactions completed during a given time period. Blocks are the constituent parts of a blockchain.

Block Height – A value describing the number of blocks preceding a given block in the blockchain.

Block Reward – The coins awarded to a miner or group of miners for solving the cryptographic problem required to create a new block on a given blockchain.

Block Size – In blockchain technology, block size refers to the amount of data about transactions a single block in the chain can carry.

Bollinger Band – A tool developed by John D. Bollinger to help in the recognition of systemic pattern recognition in prices; it is a band that is plotted two standard deviations away from the simple moving average, or exponential moving average in some cases.

Bubble – When an asset is traded at a price exceeding that asset’s intrinsic value.

Bull – A person that is optimistic and confident that market prices will increase,  this person is also known to be “bullish” about the market or price.

Buy Wall – A buy wall is a disproportionately large buy limit order placed on a cryptocurrency exchange.

Candlesticks – A candlestick chart is a graphing technique used to show changes in price over time. Each candle provides 4 points of information: opening price, closing price, high, and low. Also known as “candles” for short.

Capital – The large sum of money you would use to invest.

Cash – The most liquid form of money: physical coins and banknotes in the most narrow sense of the term.

CeFi – CeFi, or centralized finance, combines traditional centralized financial services with decentralized applications, merging conventional regulatory policies with modern financial products and infrastructure.

Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) – Digital Currencies issued by a central bank whose status as legal tender depends on government regulation or law.

Central Ledger – A central ledger is a physical book or a computer file used to record transactions in a centralized manner.

Central Processing Unit (CPU) – A central processing unit (CPU) is the part of a computer that is in charge of interpreting and executing programs and coordinating the work of all other components.

Centralized – A centralized organizational structure is one in which a single node or a small number of them are in control of an entire network.

Centralized Exchange (CEX) – Centralized exchanges (CEXs) are a type of cryptocurrency exchange that is operated by a company that owns it in a centralized manner.

Circulating Supply – The best approximation of the number of coins that are circulating in the market and in the general public’s hands.

Client – A client is software that can access and process blockchain transactions on a local computer. A common application of this is a cryptocurrency software wallet.

Close – Refers to the closing price; similar to the same term used in stock trading.

Cloud – Cloud servers are typically located throughout different data centers all over the world.

Cloud Mining – Cryptocurrency mining with remote processing power rented from companies.

Co-Signer – A person or entity that has partial control and access over a cryptocurrency wallet.

Coin – A coin can refer to a cryptocurrency that can operate independently or to a single unit of such cryptocurrency.

Coin Mixer – Coin mixers allow users to mix up transactions between different cryptocurrency addresses, so they become untraceable and cannot be followed back to the initial sender or receiver of the assets.

Cold Storage – Offline storage of cryptocurrencies, typically involving hardware non-custodial wallets, USBs, offline computers, or paper wallets.

Cold Wallet – A cryptocurrency wallet that is in cold storage, i.e. not connected to the internet.

Collateralized Debt Position (CDP) – A collateralized debt position is held by locking collateral in smart contracts to generate stablecoins.

Confirmation – In cryptocurrency, a confirmation is a measure of how many blocks have actually passed since a transaction was added to a blockchain.

Cross-Chain Communication – Cross-chain communication between blockchains allows different protocols to verify data and transactions without the intervention of a centralized third-party service.

Crowdfunding – Crowdfunding enables fundraisers to collect money from a large number of people through a variety of different platforms.

Cryptocurrency – Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that use cryptographic technologies to secure their operation.

Cryptography – A field of study and practice to secure information, preventing third parties from reading information to which they are not privy.

Custodial – Custodial cryptocurrency businesses are the ones that are in possession of their customers’ funds for the duration of the use of their services.

Cypherpunk – The cypherpunk movement promotes the use of cryptography and other privacy-focused technologies to advance social and political progress.

DYOR – The acronym of Do Your Own Research — encouraging investors to complete due diligence into a project before investing.

Day Trading – Day trading is the practice of frequently buying and selling assets in order to make a profit on intraday changes in their price.

DeFi – A movement encouraging alternatives to traditional, centralized forms of financial services.

Dead Cat Bounce – A temporary recovery in prices after a prolonged decrease.

Decentralized – Decentralization refers to the property of a system in which nodes or actors work in concert in a distributed fashion to achieve a common goal.

Decentralized Applications (DApps) – A type of application that runs on a decentralized network, avoiding a single point of failure.

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO) – A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is founded upon and governed by a set of computer-defined rules and blockchain-based smart contracts.

Decentralized Exchange (DEX) – A peer-to-peer exchange allowing users to trade cryptocurrency without the need for an intermediary.

Deflation – A decline in the general level of prices for goods and services in an economy.

Depth Chart – A graph that plots the requests to buy (bids) and the requests to sell (asks) on a chart, based on limit orders. The chart shows the point at which the market is most likely to accept a transaction.

Derivative – A financial instrument deriving its value from the value of an underlying asset.

Difficulty – A measure of how hard it is to validate a new block on a blockchain.

Digital Signature – A method for proving the authenticity of a digital communication.

Dildo – No, it’s not that. The red or green “candles”, or vertical lines, on graphs showing cryptocurrency market data.

Dip – A dip is when markets experience a short or protracted downturn.

Distributed Consensus – Collective agreement reached among nodes in a network.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack – An attempt by a bad actor to disrupt the operation of an application, server or network by flooding it with traffic.

Distributed Ledger – Distributed ledgers are ledgers in which data is stored across a network of decentralized nodes. A distributed ledger does not necessarily involve a cryptocurrency and may be permissioned and private.

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) – A database that is shared by multiple participants, in multiple places. The basis for blockchains.

Diversification – Diversification is a risk-management strategy that mixes a wide variety of investments within a portfolio.

Dominance – A measure of Bitcoin’s value in the context of the larger cryptocurrency market.

Double Spending – The potential for a digital currency to be spent twice.

Dump – A sudden sell-off of digital assets.

Dumping – A collective market sell-off that occurs when large quantities of a particular cryptocurrency are sold in a short period of time.

Dust Transactions – Minuscule amounts of Bitcoin in a wallet — with a value that would be outweighed by the cost of a transaction fee.

ERC-20 – Tokens designed and used solely on the Ethereum platform.

ERC-721 – A token standard for non-fungible Ethereum tokens. An Ethereum Improvement Proposal introduced in 2017, it enables smart contracts to operate as tradable tokens similar to ERC-20 tokens.

Emission – The speed at which new coins are produced and released.

Encryption – Encryption is a method through which information can be made into code.

Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) – A group of organizations and companies working together to further develop the Ethereum network.

Escrow – A financial instrument where assets or cash are held by a third party while a buyer and a seller complete a deal.

Ether – The form of payment used in the operation of the distribution application platform, Ethereum, in order to incentivize machines into executing the requested operations.

Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) – Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs) describe standards for the Ethereum platform, including core protocol specifications, client APIs, and contract standards.

Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) – A Turing-complete virtual machine that enables execution of code exactly as intended; it is the runtime environment for every smart contract. Every Ethereum node runs on the EVM to maintain consensus across the blockchain.

Exchange – Cryptocurrency exchanges are the business that allow customers to trade cryptocurrencies for fiat money or other cryptocurrencies.

Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) – A security that tracks a basket of assets such as stocks, bonds, and cryptocurrencies but can be traded like a single stock.

FOMO – An acronym that stands for “Fear of Missing Out” and in the context of investing, refers to the feeling of apprehension for missing out on a potentially profitable investment opportunity and regretting it later.

FUD – An acronym that stands for “Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt.” It is a strategy to influence perception of certain cryptocurrencies or the cryptocurrency market in general by spreading negative, misleading or false information.

Fiat – Fiat currency is “legal tender” backed by a central government, such as the Federal Reserve, and with its own banking system, such as fractional reserve banking. It can take the form of physical cash, or it can be represented electronically, such as with bank credit.

Flash Loans – Flash loans are a type of uncollateralized lending used in decentralized finance (DeFi).

Fork (Blockchain) – Forks, or chain splits, create an alternate version of the blockchain, leaving two blockchains to run simultaneously. An example is Ethereum and Ethereum Classic, which was forked after the DAO hack.

Fork (Software) – A software fork, also known as a project fork, is when developers take the technology (source code) from one existing software project and modify it to create a new project. An example is Litecoin, which was a software fork of Bitcoin.

Full Node – Nodes that download a blockchain’s entire history in order to observe and enforce its rules.

Fundamental Analysis (FA) – A method in which you research the underlying value of an asset by looking at the technology, team, growth prospects and other indicators. Some people perform fundamental analysis as part of an investment strategy called “value investing.”

Fungible – In cryptocurrency, fungibility is when a coin or token can be replaced by any other identical coin or token.

Futures – A futures contract is a standardized legal agreement to buy or sell a particular commodity or asset at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.

Gains – Gains refer to an increase in value or profit.

Gas – A term used on the Ethereum platform that refers to a unit of measuring the computational effort of conducting transactions or smart contracts, or launch DApps in the Ethereum network. It is the “fuel” of the Ethereum network.

Gas Limit – A term used on the Ethereum platform that refers to the maximum amount of gas the user is willing to spend on a transaction.

Gas Price – A term used on the Ethereum platform that refers to the price you are willing to pay for a transaction.

Genesis Block – The first block of data that is processed and validated to form a new blockchain.

Geth – Geth, short for Go Ethereum, is a command-line interface that allows developers to run full Ethereum nodes, mine the cryptocurrency and execute smart contracts.

Governance – In the world of cryptocurrencies, governance is defined as the people or organizations that have decision-making powers regarding the project.

Governance Token – A governance token is a token that can be used to vote on decisions that influence an ecosystem.

Gwei – The denomination used in defining the cost of gas in transactions involving Ether

HODL – A type of passive investment strategy where you hold an investment for a long period of time, regardless of any changes in the price or markets.

Halving – An event in which the total rewards per confirmed block halves.

Hard Cap – A hard cap is the absolute maximum supply of a digital asset.

Hard Fork (Blockchain) – A type of protocol change that validates all previously invalid transactions, and invalidates all previously valid transactions.

Hardware Wallet – A hardware wallet is a wallet for cryptocurrencies that usually resemble a USB stick.

Hash – The act of performing a has function on input data of arbitrary size, with an output of fixed length that looks random and from which no data can be recovered without a cipher. An important property of a hash is that the output of hashing a particular document will always be the same when using the same algorithm.

Hash Function – Any function used to map data of arbitrary size to data of a fixed size.

Hash Rate – A unit of measurement for the amount of computing power being consumed by the network to continuously operate.

Hot Storage – The online storage of private keys allowing for quicker access to cryptocurrencies.

Hot Wallet – A cryptocurrency wallet that is connected to the internet for hot storage of crypto assets, as opposed to an offline, cold wallet with cold storage.

Hybrid PoW/PoS – A hybrid PoW/PoS allows for both proof-of-stake and proof-of-work as consensus distribution algorithms on the network. This approach aims to bring together the security of PoW consensus and the governance and energy efficiency of PoS.

Hyperledger – Hyperledger is an umbrella project of open source blockchains and blockchain-related tools started by the Linux Foundation in 2015 to support the collaborative development of blockchain-based distributed ledgers.

Inflation – A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.

Initial Coin Offering (ICO) – Short for Initial Coin Offering, an ICO is a type of crowdfunding, or crowdsale, using cryptocurrencies as a means of raising capital for early-stage companies.

Initial Public Offering (IPO) – An initial public offering (IPO) is the process of a company offering shares for purchase on the stock market for the first time.

Internet of Things – Internet of Things (IoT) is a global interconnected network of devices, sensors and software that can collect and exchange data with each other in real-time over the internet.

Invest – Investing is when you put money in a financial scheme with the intent of making a gain.

JOMO – The opposite state of FOMO stands for “Joy of Missing Out.”

Know Your Customer (KYC) – Short for Know Your Customer, these are checks that crypto exchanges and trading platforms must complete to cerify the identify of their customers.

Lambo – Slang for the type of car that many crypto enthusiasts aspire to buy when their digital assets “moon” — or rise in value substantially.

Layer 0 – Layer 0 is a network framework running beneath the blockchain. It is made up of protocols, connections, hardware, miners, and everything else that forms the foundation of the blockchain ecosystem.

Layer-1 Blockchain – A layer-1 blockchain is a set of solutions that improve the base protocol itself.

Ledger – A record of financial transactions that cannot be changed, only appended with new transactions.

Leverage – Money that a trader borrows from a brokerage, enabling them to gain far greater exposure to a position than what their capital allows.

Light Node – Light nodes are typically downloaded wallets and are connected to full nodes to further validate the information that is stored on the blockchain.

Lightning Network – A second-layer protocol that is designed to solve Bitcoin’s scalability problem by allowing transactions to be processed more quickly.

Limit Order – A type of order to purchase or sell a security at a specified price or a better one.

Liquidity – How easily a cryptocurrency can be bought and sold without impacting the overall market price.

Liquidity Pool – Liquidity pools are crypto assets that are kept to facilitate the trading of trading pairs on decentralized exchanges.

Liquidity Provider – Liquidity providers are decentralized exchange users who fund a liquidity pool with tokens they own.

Long – A situation where you buy a cryptocurrency with the expectation of selling it at a higher price for a profit later.

Mainnet – An independent blockchain running its own network with its own technology and protocol. It is a live blockchain where its own cryptocurrencies or tokens are in use, as compared to a testnet or projects running on top of other popular networks such as Ethereum.

Market – An area in which commercial dealings are conducted. Usually referred to as the “crypto market,” which refers to the cumulative cryptocurrencies and projects operating within the industry.

Market Capitalization – Total capitalization of a cryptocurrency’s price. It is one of the ways to rank the relative size of a cryptocurrency.

Market Order – A purchase or sale of a cryptocurrency on an exchange at the current best available price. Market orders are filled as buyers and sellers are willing to trade. This is in contrast with limit orders at which a cryptocurrency is sold only at a specified price.

Max Supply – The best approximation of the maximum amount of coins that will ever exist in the lifetime of the cryptocurrency.

Mempool – A mempool is the node’s collection of all of the unconfirmed transactions that it has seen.

Merkle Tree – A tree structure in cryptography, in which every leaf node is labelled with the hash of a data block and every non-leaf node is labelled with the cryptographic hash of the labels of its child nodes. Hash trees allow efficient and secure verification of the contents of blockchains, as each change propagates upwards so verification can be done by simply looking at the top hash.

Miners – Contributors to a blockchain taking part in the process of mining. They can be professional miners or organizations with large-scale operations, or hobbyists who set up mining rigs at home or in the office.

Minimum Viable Product (MVP) – A minimum viable product (MVP) is a product that has enough features to attract early-adopter customers and validate a product idea.

Mining – A process where blocks are added to a blockchain, verifying transactions. It is also the process through which new bitcoin or some altcoins are created.

Mining Difficulty – The mining difficulty of a cryptocurrency is how difficult it is to find the right hash for the next block.

Mining Farm – A mining farm is when a group of miners mine together for a variety of advantageous reasons, like energy use.

Mining Pool – A setup where multiple miners combine their computing power to gain economies of scale and competitiveness in finding the next block on a blockchain. Rewards are split according to different agreements, depending on the mining pool.

Mining Reward – The reward resulting from contributing computing resources to process transactions. Mining rewards are the rewards that crypto miners receive for mining a new block on the blockchain.

Moon – A situation where there is a continuous upward movement in the price of a cryptocurrency. Often used in communities to question when a cryptocurrency will experience such a phenomenon, saying “When moon?” It is usually combined with “When Lambo?”

Multi-Signature (Multi-Sig) – Multi-signature addresses provide an added layer of security by requiring more than one key to authorize a transaction.

Network – A network refers to all nodes in the operation of a blockchain at any given moment in time.

No-Coiner – A no-coiner is someone who has no cryptocurrency in his or her investment portfolio and firmly believes that cryptocurrency in general will fail.

Node – The most basic unit of blockchain infrastructure that stores data.

Non-Fungible Token – Non-fungible token (NFTs) are cryptocurrencies that do not possess the property of fungibility.

Nonce – When a transaction is hashed by a miner, an arbitrary number meant to be used only once is generated, called a nonce.

Offline Storage – The act of storing cryptocurrencies in devices or systems not connected to the internet.

On-Chain – Transactions that are recorded on the blockchain itself and shared with all of the participants are done on-chain.

Open Source – Open source is a philosophy, with participants believing in the free and open sharing of information in pursuit of the greater common good.

Open/Close – The price at which a cryptocurrency opens at a time period or the programming principle of software parts being extendable.

Option – A contract giving the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price.

Oracles – An agent that finds and verifies information, bridging the real world and the blockchain by providing data to smart contracts for execution of said contracts under specified conditions.

Order Book – An order book comprises different key information regarding an asset.

Over-the-Counter (OTC) – Over-the-counter is defined as a transaction made outside of an exchange, often peer-to-peer through private trades.

Overbought – When a cryptocurrency has been purchased by more and more investors over time, with its price increasing for an extended period of time.

Oversold – When a cryptocurrency has been sold by more and more investors over time, with its price decreasing for an extended period of time.

Pair – Trade between one cryptocurrency and another, for example, the trading pair ETH/BTC

Paper Wallet – A physical document containing your private key or seed phrase.

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) – The decentralized interactions between parties in a distributed network, partitioning tasks or workloads between peers.

Permissionless – Often used to describe blockchains, a system is said to be permissionless when there is no entity that can regulate who can use it and how it can be used.

Phishing – When a scammer pretends to be a trusted institution or person to trick people into revealing sensitive information such as Social Security numbers, passwords, banking details, etc., often through a malware link disguised as legitimate.

Ponzi Scheme – A fraudulent investment involving the payment of purported returns to existing investors from funds contributed by new investors.

Portfolio – A collection of cryptocurrencies or crypto assets held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

Pre-Mine – When some or all of a coins initial supply is generated during or before the public launch.

Pre-Sale – The sale of a cryptocurrency, ahead of it going public, to specific investors.

Private Key – A piece of code generated in asymmetric-key encryption process, paired with a public key, to be used in decrypting information hashed with the public key.

Proof-of-Stake (PoS) – A blockchain consensus mechanism involving choosing the creator of the next block via various combinations of random selection and wealth or age of staked coins or tokens.

Proof-of-Validation – Proof-of-validation (PoV) is a unique proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism that works to achieve consensus through staked validator nodes.

Proof-of-Work (PoW) – A blockchain consensus mechanism involving solving of computationally intensive puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks.

Protocol – The set of rules that defines interactions on a network, usually involving consensus, transaction validation, and network participation on a blockchain.

Public Address – A public address is the cryptographic hash of a public key, allowing the user to use it as an address to request for payment.

Public Blockchain – A blockchain that can be accessed by anyone.

Pump and Dump (P&D) Scheme – A form of securities fraud involving the artificial inflation of the price of a cryptocurrency with false and misleading positive statements in order to sell previously-cheaply purchased stock at a higher price.

Pyramid Scheme – A pyramid scheme is a scam with a hierarchical top-down structure.

QR Code – A machine-readable label that shows information encoded into a graphical black-and-white pattern. For cryptocurrencies, it is often used to easily share wallet addresses with others.

Quantum Computing – A computer that harnesses phenomena from quantum mechanics in order to perform much more efficient computations than older, classical computer technologies are capable of.

REKT – A shorthand slang for “wrecked”, describing a bad loss in a trade.

ROI – Short for “Return on Investment,” the ratio between the net profit and cost of investing.

Resistance – The highest price level of an asset during a specific period.

SHA-256 – A cryptographic hash function that generates a 256-bit signature for a text, used in Bitcoin proof-of-work (PoW).

Satoshi (SATs) – The smallest unit of Bitcoin with a value of 0.00000001 BTC.

Satoshi Nakamoto – The individual or group of individuals that created Bitcoin. The identify of Satoshi Nakamoto has never been confirmed.

Security Token – A security token is essentially a digital form of traditional securities.

Sell Wall – A situation where a large limit order has been placed to sell when a cryptocurrency reaches a certain value. 

Settlement Layer – A settlement layer is a layer that essentially provides an anchor for an entire ecosystem.

Shard – Essentially, a shard is a portion of a blockchain network that has been split into multiple shards, which has its own data.

Sharding – Sharding is a scaling approach that enables splitting of blockchain states into partitions containing states and transaction history, so that each shard can be processed in parallel.

Shilling – The act of enthusiastically promoting a cryptocurrency or ICO project.

Shitcoin – A coin with no obvious potential value or usage.

Short – A trading technique in which a trader borrows an asset in order to sell it, with the expectation that the price will continue to decline. In the event that the price does decline, the short seller will then buy the asset at this lower price in order to return it to the lender of the asset, making the difference in profit.

Side Chain – A blockchain ledger that runs in parallel to a primary blockchain, where there is a two-way link between the primary chain and sidechain.

Signal – Signals are a call to action to either buy or sell an asset.

Silk Road – An online black market that existed on the dark web, now shut down by the FBI. It had accepted bitcoins for transactions.

Slippage – Slippage happens when traders have to settle for a different price than what they initially requested due to a price movement.

Smart Contract – A smart contract is a computer protocol intended to facilitate, verify or enforce a contract on the blockchain without third parties.

Soft Fork (Blockchain) – A protocol upgrade where only previously valid transactions are made invalid, with most soft forks requiring miners to upgrade their mining software.

Spot – A contract or transaction buying or selling a cryptocurrency for immediate settlement, or payment and delivery, of the cryptocurrency on the market.

Store of Value – A store of value is an asset, commodity or currency that can be saved, retrieved as well as exchanged in the future without it losing any value.

Symbol – The ticker of a cryptocurrency; for example, bitcoin’s symbol is BTC.

Technical Analysis – Technical analysis is a chart evaluation method involving support/resistance lines drawn, trend lines drawn, analyses of market activity, candlesticks, patterns, volume, and much more. Charts and other tools are used to identify patterns to underpin and drive investment decisions.

Ticker – An abbreviation used to uniquely identify cryptocurrencies.

Token – A digital unit designed with utility in mind, providing access and use of a larger crypto economic system. it does not have a store of value on its own, but is made so that software can be developed around it.

Total Supply – The total amount of coins in existence right now, minus any coins that have been verifiably burned.

Total Value Locked (TVL) – Total value locked represents the number of assets that are currently being staked in a specific protocol.

Trading Volume – Trading volume refers to the total number of shares that have been exchanged between buyers and sellers of a given asset during trading hours of a certain day.

Transaction (TX) – The act of exchanging cryptocurrencies on a blockchain.

Transaction Fee – A payment for using the blockchain to transact.

UTC Time – Coordinated Universal Time. It is the primary standard time by which the world regulates time and serves as the daily open and close for the cryptocurrency market.

Utility Token – Tokens that are designed to specifically to be able to help people use something.

Validator – A participant on a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain, involved in validating blocks for rewards.

Vitalik Buterin – Vitalik Buterin is one of the creators of Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency after Bitcoin.

Volatility – A statistical measure of dispersion of returns, measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index.

Volume – How much cryptocurrency has been traded over a set period, such as the past 24 hours.

Wallet – A place where cryptocurrency users can store, send and receive digital assets.

Watchlist – A watchlist is a feature of the website where users can create their own lists of cryptocurrencies to follow.

Weak Hands – An investor prone to panic selling at the first sign of a price decline.

Wei – The smallest fraction of an Ether, with each Ether to 1000000000000000000 Wei.

Whale – A term used to describe investors who have uncommonly large amounts of crypto, especially those with enough funds to manipulate the market.

When Moon – A phrase used to ask when the price of cryptocurrencies will explode.

Whitepaper – A document released by a crypto project that gives investors technical information about its concept, and a roadmap for how it plans to grow and succeed.

YTD – Stands for Year to Date.

Yield Farming – Yield farming involves earning interest by investing crypto in decentralized finance markets.

Zero Confirmation Transaction – Alternative phrasing for an unconfirmed transaction.

Zk-SNARKs – Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge’s, or Zk-SNARKs for short) are the proof construction that one can verify information, like a secret key, both without disclosing the information itself or requiring any interaction between the prover and verifier.

1m – Stands for data for the past 1 minute.

1hr – Stands for data for the past 1 hour.

1d – Stands for data for the past 1 day.

1w – Stands for data for the past 1 week.

1M – Stands for data for the past 1 month.

51% Attack – If more than half the computer power or mining hash rate on a network is run by a single person or a single group of people, then a 51% attack is in operation.